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If your employment contract says it is subject to the collective agreement, it means that any contractual changes that have been agreed between the employer and the union pursuant to the terms of the collective agreement would be automatically paid under your employment contract. The general situation is that when a provision of a collective agreement is incorporated into an individual employment contract, that provision, as the duration of that contract, acquires an independent contractual effect that the worker can avail itself of. The collective agreement covers you against arbitrary dismissals and dismissals, because the agreements set out the rules to be followed in the event of termination, i.e. the so-called termination procedures. A union can only agree to changes to the contract on behalf of workers covered by collective agreements if it has been expressly brought to the attention of the workers or agreed with them. Collective agreements also include decisions on working time and overtime pay. Trade Union Pro`s collective agreements include, for example, agreements on shift work differences, travel allowances, sick pay, maternity leave benefits, leave pay and child care benefits. One of the objectives of a union is to negotiate with employers on issues concerning its members and other workers. Once a union is recognized in the workplace, its negotiations with the employer are called collective bargaining; these negotiations will focus on the terms of employment.
In Finland, collective agreements are of general application. This means that a collective agreement in an industry becomes a general legal minimum for an individual`s employment contract, whether or not he or she is unionized. For this condition to apply, half of the workers in this sector must be unionized and therefore support the agreement. Related: The collective agreement means substantial benefits Collective agreements are used to supplement legislation or to negotiate field-specific contracts. The main principle is that collective agreements cannot contain terms that are less than the statutory requirements. If collective bargaining has resulted in an agreement, such as wage increases, these agreements are called collective agreements. Workplace collective agreements can cover both union and non-union staff, as unions often negotiate on behalf of staff employed in a particular group. This group is called the bargaining unit. Collective agreements are generally valid for two years, sometimes three and sometimes one. Before the contract expires, the union and employer will enter into negotiations for a renewal contract. If the employer and the union are unable to negotiate a collective agreement or cannot agree to an extension, the union may recommend that workers strike to put pressure on the employer.
There are complex rules in the Labour Relations Act that govern both the authorization process and the legal date of a strike.